Havanese dog breed information and facts
The Havanese dog is small and sturdy in structure with an abundant, long, and silky coat. A unique aspect of the breed is the topline, which rises just slightly from withers to croup, creating a topline that is straight but not level. Because of the tropical nature of the Havanese, the fine and lightweight coat is designed to act as a sunshade and cooling agent on hot days. The Havanese is an old breed from the bichon family. Originally, Tenerife dogs came to Cuba with Spanish farmers and noblemen in the early 1500s. Havanese, the only dog breed native to Cuba, are cheerful little dogs with a spring in their step and a gleam in their big, brown eyes.
History of the Havanese
The Havanese breed was first developed by local breeders in 1912 on the island of Tenerife off the coast of Africa. The area was ideal for breeding pedigree dogs as much of the island is mountainous, cool, and very moist. The early breeders had a penchant for making their best dogs get some exercise, and the Tenerife breders’ first gift was their first grand champion Havanese, named Zola. Zola is said to be the oldest dog in the breed today and became one of the main spokesmen for the breed in the 1920s and 30s. The Tenerife breeders soon discovered that Zola had a weakness for perforating his ears. This led the breeders to breed dogs for various defects.
Best Diet for the Havanese
The Havanese dog is a high energy breed that needs an extra dose of protein, vitamins, and minerals to satisfy its appetite. The pet’s breed and size affect your choice of diet. A Havanese may be a healthy, active dog if fed a balanced dog food with a meat protein percentage of 80-90%. However, pets can develop fatty livers with genetic predisposition to fatty liver disease, so if you have a pet that appears to have a fatty liver, consult your veterinarian before adding any treats or foods that will alter your pet’s metabolic state. Always talk to your veterinarian about changing your pet’s diet to meet your pet’s nutritional needs. Smaller dogs with a slightly lean or thin body can be given a protein supplement in their diet to help them meet their body requirements.
Best way to train the Havanese
The Havanese is a very easy dog to train as long as you treat them well and let them be the leaders of the pack. Each member of the pack should always be the boss in the family and in public. It is important to train the Havanese only on the outside of the house, since they have an acute sense of smell and they love to chase small creatures such as butterflies and bugs. Havanese dog diseases Havanese are very healthy dogs. They do have some minor genetic issues that can be detected through blood tests. The most common health issues are: deafness, skin problems, irregular heart rate and separation anxiety. Like the pug, the Havanese has a genetic defect that is linked to obesity, which affects 2 to 8 percent of dogs.
Cool Facts about the Havanese
The longhaired Havanese is known for his graceful, gait and athletic body. He is quick and agile, yet dignified and well-mannered. While every Havanese has a strong, athletic bone structure, not all Havanese are born with the light body type for showing in the ring. Some have a thin build that might not fit the look and sporting aspect of the Havanese. However, the breed standard encourages the type of coat. The American Kennel Club has created a list of health tests that are also mandatory for the showing of Havanese in conformation shows. The maximum height of the Havanese is 26 inches (66cm) at the withers, with the most common height being 23 inches (58cm). If bred for the show ring, a Havanese may have a trimmed weight of 14 pounds (6.5kg).
Exercise needs for the Havanese
Havanese get exercise throughout the day. The Havanese breed is social and likes to be with other dogs, but it may not need a lot of exercise to remain healthy. As a breed of small, low-energy dogs, Havanese need a variety of chew toys. A Havanese needs daily grooming to keep its coat and skin as smooth as possible, and most Havanese owners provide grooming every few days. Some Havanese may need more exercise if they are still growing. Havanese should not eat many treats. Most of the treats found in pet stores are not acceptable for dogs. Many dogs get bloated from swallowing too much sugar, which can lead to health problems, such as kidney stones. Dogs need to be kept away from wildlife and their food, especially before and after they eat. Dogs can easily digest insects and worms.
How to potty train your Havanese
Havanese love toys and are especially fond of small balls. Despite their compact size, they are energetic and athletic. Adults may become energetic and bored easily. At that point, they will start jumping on furniture. Although this can be aggravating for furniture, they don’t mean to jump and it doesn’t hurt them when they do it. They just want to play. Potty training a Havanese is easier than it is with a lot of other small breeds because they are usually very intelligent and just need a little love and attention to help them with the process. Teach them to recognize the crate and take them outside before going to bed at night. If you have them both in the same room, teach them to wait in the hall. Don’t force a Havanese to use the potty if they don’t want to.
Temperament of the Havanese
Temperamental differences among the various breeds of Havanese depend on the the environment where the dog will spend most of their time. So the Havanese differs from most of the other Havanese breeds, because it is a natural indoor dog. Like many other small dogs, they are not happy unless they are in a home with humans, and they get along fine with other dogs if they get along with people first. This is especially true for the Havanese who were originally bred for children. They like having children as a playmate. In addition to friendly playfulness, the Havanese is a laid back breed that is often reserved with strangers, but once they are familiar with people they quickly become loving and playful companions.
Grooming requirements for the Havanese
In spite of the similar temperaments of Havanese and Bichon frise, you should only groom your Havanese once every 2 to 3 months. On most hairless breeds, the coat is made of dense, loose, hair and is especially susceptible to matting. When grooming a Havanese, start by using a soft brush that is a bit firm to get out tangles. Occasionally, you may need to use a feather duster to get the loose hairs out from under the dog’s coat. You may need to brush your Havanese up against a wall to prevent them from running away with the brush in your hand! To keep the hair from getting under the dog’s nails, apply a pedicure with a well-behaved Havanese who will allow you to reach under the thick fur.