Teacup Yorkie Dog Breed Information and Facts
A teacup Yorkie is a Yorkshire Terrier bred to be significantly smaller than the standard for the breed. Yorkies known as “teacups” or simply, “Teacup Yorkies,” are purebred Yorkshire Terriers that fall into a smaller size category of 4 lbs. or less at adult weight. One of the smallest dog breeds of terrier type, tend to be very active, protective, and fond of attention. The Yorkie made its debut at a bench show in England in 1861 as a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Most consider a Yorkie named Huddersfield Ben the father of the breed, the stud dog was a ratting champion and a confident competitor in dog shows.
History of the Teacup Yorkie
The Yorkie began in England as a relatively small version of the standard of the standard Yorkshire Terrier breed. In the late 1860s and 1870s, owners and breeders bred them smaller and smaller, eventually developing the Yorkie in the 1880s. Known originally in the US as “the brindle (hairy) terrier”, the first documented “Teacup Yorkie” was purchased by a British breeding family, Asher and Charles Wicks, and bred to a little Yorkie to bring out the dog’s more aggressive qualities. “Ben” was purchased as a show dog for a home in England and presented at the International Dog Show in 1862. When Ben was not expected to place, the judge declared him the winner and the “Teacup Yorkie” was born. Though the teacup is named after its small size, it is not the only small Yorkie type.
Description of the Teacup Yorkie
Teacup Yorkies come in a variety of colors and patterns. Here is a brief description of all the breed types. Other distinctive traits that set the Yorkie apart are: Small stature and smooth coat Easy keeper with less shedding than other breeds Not prone to cancers and skin ailments If you want a small lap dog, the Yorkie is the right breed for you. While this breed is small, it is quite an active dog with a playful nature. Yorkies have been known to drive smaller dogs crazy by chasing them around the house. They also love to jump in your lap for a belly rub or a gentle head scratch. Yorkies were originally bred to be trained as watchdogs to warn owners of intruders, but when their fur is shed or gets very long they look like mop-like dogs.
Personality of the Teacup Yorkie
Health and Diet The Teacup Yorkie is a special breed with a lot of health issues. Unfortunately, these small dogs are at higher risk of hip and elbow dysplasia (HD), epilepsy, allergic sensitivities, and respiratory problems. All health issues of teacup Yorkies can be treated or at least controlled. In addition, Yorkies should be kept away from young children as their fragile bones are easily injured and broken. Yorkies with hypothyroidism often become over weight. A diet consisting of chicken, rice, and other low-calorie and fat-free foods will help the Yorkie maintain a healthy weight. Learn more about the best ways to raise a Teacup Yorkie here.
Temperament of the Teacup Yorkie
Can be a very confident and extroverted, happy and active dog Some Teacup Yorkie dogs display destructive behavior. The Yorkie does require some instruction and training to be safe and self-sufficient Varies from about 3-5 lbs. at maturity and about 5-8 inches at the shoulder and ears, and although not very petite, weighs about 3-5 lbs.
Health Issues of the Teacup Yorkie
Besides the teacup stature and smaller breed size, they also tend to have a smaller body size, more susceptible to common health issues such as allergies and eye problems. Teacup Yorkie Health Issues and Medical Findings The smaller size of Yorkies can make them susceptible to common medical conditions. Teacup Yorkies tend to have allergies and are more likely to have ear infections as well. Yorkies born to smaller breed parents are at risk of cataracts, and premature aging. A recent study determined that Yorkies are at a higher risk of cancer when compared with many other breeds, including Pomeranians, Dachshunds, Pugs, Bichon Frise, and Chow Chows.
Grooming Needs of the Teacup Yorkie
For a teacup Yorkie, the preferred grooming requirements are soft, long hair on its body, from the base of the neck to the base of the tail. Larger bodies will require a grooming tool to groom its lower torso, including back, hips and legs. The comb is recommended and the ear cleaning brush, as well as trimming required on the face, to prevent matting. To keep their hair from matting, a teacup Yorkie requires regular bathing and brushing in cool water with a soft bristle brush. A clean area on their fur should be trimmed at the end of the shower to keep their fur from matting.
Training Needs of the Teacup Yorkie
The teacup Yorkie is one of the most athletic breeds of dogs. Given their active lifestyle, you’ll be happy to know that they are very smart and trainable. Even though they are short, teacup Yorkies are big enough to turn over, sit up and beg for food. In addition to the breed standard, pet stores sometimes get a little carried away with cosmetic changes to their animals and usually charge a bit more for teacup Yorkie dogs. If your teacup Yorkie is about to enter training, get all the information you can about their needs. Litter Size In order to prevent health issues from smaller puppies, be prepared to learn how much of a litter a teacup Yorkie should have and start them off in a large crate with plenty of playtime.
Exercise Needs of the Teacup Yorkie
Yorkie owners need to keep their dogs on a strict schedule of exercise. This need to be accomplished mainly indoors as exercise on hot days may cause overheating. Yorkies are generally energetic dogs, but should not be exercised at high rates of speed or for long periods of time. Overall, dogs of this breed should be kept active and well-socialized and have a dog-friendlier environment. Don’t allow dogs in cages when left alone for very long periods of time. Avoid fast walks on the street when dog has not been thoroughly socialized and should be leashed if allowed to run free, stay on well-kept trails. Yorkies can be housed indoors or outdoors, provided they have access to exercise and can be taken out in to go potty.