Yorkshire Terriers, also known as Yorkies, are a popular small dog breed that originated in Yorkshire, England. They are credited with paving the way for the development of other dog breeds. Yorkies have a range of coat colors and are known for their small size and friendly disposition. Here are 10 key facts every Yorkie owner should know.

Key Takeaways:

  • Yorkshire Terriers are a popular small dog breed with a rich history.
  • They originated in Yorkshire, England, and played a significant role in the development of other breeds.
  • Yorkies come in various coat colors and have a friendly disposition.
  • Proper dental care is essential for their health due to potential overcrowding.
  • Yorkies have specific coat color variations, and their coat may take several years to fully develop.
  • They are prone to genetic disorders, and regular vet check-ups are crucial for early detection and management.
  • Understanding these facts will help ensure your Yorkshire Terrier’s well-being.

The Popularity of Yorkshire Terriers

Yorkshire Terriers, also known as Yorkies, have earned their place among the most popular dog breeds in the Americas. These adorable small dogs rank sixth in popularity, capturing the hearts of dog owners across the country. But their popularity is not limited to the Americas alone; Yorkshire Terriers are highly regarded in their home country of the United Kingdom, where they originated.

What makes Yorkshire Terriers so beloved? Their small stature and friendly nature contribute to their immense popularity. They are the perfect companion for individuals and families alike, fitting seamlessly into various lifestyles. Whether they’re cuddling on the couch or going for daily walks, Yorkies bring joy and companionship to their owners.

But it’s not just their size and temperament that make Yorkshire Terriers popular. These dogs possess an irresistible charm that wins over hearts wherever they go. With their luxurious coats, often silky and flowing, Yorkies are undeniably eye-catching. Their coat colors can vary, ranging from traditional black and tan to eye-catching parti-colors, where white is combined with black or blue.

In addition to their physical attributes, Yorkshire Terriers are known for their intelligence and adaptability. They are quick learners and excel in various activities, including agility and obedience training. This combination of charm, intelligence, and adaptability has cemented Yorkshire Terriers’ position as one of the most popular dog breeds today.

The Popularity of Yorkshire Terriers – A Closer Look

To further understand the popularity of Yorkshire Terriers, let’s take a closer look at their rise in recent years. Below is a table highlighting the ranking of Yorkshire Terriers among other popular dog breeds in the Americas:

Rank Dog Breed
1 Labrador Retriever
2 French Bulldog
3 German Shepherd
4 Golden Retriever
5 Bulldog
6 Yorkshire Terrier

As shown in the table, Yorkshire Terriers consistently rank among the top dog breeds in terms of popularity. Their loyal and affectionate nature, combined with their striking appearance, make them a beloved choice for dog owners around the world.

The History and Breeding of Yorkshire Terriers

Yorkshire Terriers, also known as Yorkies, have a rich history that dates back to the 19th century in Yorkshire, England. These adorable small dog breeds were originally bred by workers in the cotton and woolen mills of Yorkshire. The breed was developed by crossing various terriers, including Scottish terriers, to create a unique and distinctive look.

Through selective breeding, Yorkshire Terriers were refined to have their characteristic appearance and coat varieties. They have a long, flowing, and silky coat that requires regular grooming to maintain its beauty. The coat colors can vary, with the traditional color being tan and blue. In recent years, parti-colors, which are white with black, blue, and tan markings, have also become popular.

The breeding of Yorkshire Terriers focused not only on their physical appearance but also on their friendly and sociable disposition. Yorkies are known for their playful and affectionate nature, making them ideal companions for individuals and families alike. They are intelligent and trainable, although they can be stubborn at times.

The characteristics and traits of Yorkshire Terriers include:

  • Small size: Yorkshire Terriers are a toy breed and generally weigh between 4 and 7 pounds.
  • Alertness: They have a keen sense of hearing and are known for their vigilant nature.
  • Energy level: Despite their small size, Yorkies are energetic and enjoy physical activities.
  • Loyalty: They form strong bonds with their owners and are fiercely loyal.
  • Adaptability: Yorkshire Terriers can adapt well to different living environments, including apartments.

Table: Comparison of Yorkshire Terriers with Other Small Dog Breeds

Breed Size Coat Temperament
Yorkshire Terrier Small Long, silky Playful, affectionate
Chihuahua Extra small Short, smooth Confident, sassy
Pomeranian Small Long, fluffy Energetic, outgoing
Maltese Small Long, silky Gentle, affectionate

As you can see, Yorkshire Terriers have their own unique characteristics that set them apart from other small dog breeds. Their rich history and selective breeding have contributed to their popularity as beloved pets around the world.

Yorkshire Terriers

Yorkshire Terriers and Dental Health

Proper dental care is crucial for Yorkshire Terriers to maintain good overall health. These adorable small dogs may have a narrow jaw, which can lead to overcrowding of their 42 adult teeth. As a result, professional dental cleaning by a veterinarian may be necessary to prevent dental issues.

Yorkshire Terrier puppies go through two sets of teeth. They initially have milk teeth, which are eventually replaced by their adult teeth. During this transition, it’s important to provide proper dental care to ensure the healthy development of their teeth and gums.

Regular brushing of a Yorkie’s teeth is essential to prevent plaque buildup, tooth decay, and gum disease. Introducing dental care early in their life can help them become accustomed to the routine and make it easier to maintain their dental hygiene as they grow older. Additionally, providing dental chew toys or treats designed to promote dental health can help keep their teeth clean and strong.

The Importance of Dental Health for Yorkshire Terriers

Dental health plays a significant role in the overall well-being of Yorkshire Terriers. Poor dental hygiene can lead to various health issues, including gum disease, tooth loss, and even systemic infections. Additionally, untreated dental problems may cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty eating for these small dogs.

Regular dental check-ups are essential to monitor the oral health of Yorkshire Terriers and detect any potential dental issues early on. Your veterinarian can provide professional dental cleanings and address any concerns or abnormalities that may arise during the examination.

By prioritizing dental care and taking preventive measures, you can help ensure that your beloved Yorkshire Terrier maintains a healthy and happy smile throughout their life.

Coat Color and Allergies in Yorkshire Terriers

Coat color is an important characteristic of Yorkshire Terriers. These adorable small dogs have a specific coat color, with variations known as “parti-colors.” Parti-color Yorkies have a white base with patches of black, blue, and tan. It’s important to note that the development of their coat color may take up to three years to fully manifest.

While Yorkshire Terriers are often considered hypoallergenic due to their minimal shedding, it’s essential to understand that allergies can still be a concern for some individuals. Although they shed less, their saliva or dander can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. If you or a family member have allergies, it’s advisable to spend time with a Yorkie before bringing one into your home to assess any potential allergic reactions.

“Yorkshire Terriers have a specific coat color, with variations called “parti-colors” being white with black, blue, and tan.” – Yorkie Lover Magazine

It’s always a good idea to consult with a breeder or veterinarian about potential allergens related to Yorkies if you or someone in your household has allergies. They can provide additional guidance on how to manage allergies and create a comfortable environment for both the dog and the owner.

Allergy Management Tips
1. Regular Grooming: Proper grooming and frequent baths can help remove allergens from the dog’s coat.
2. Cleaning: Regularly clean your home to reduce the presence of allergens. Vacuuming, washing bedding, and using hypoallergenic cleaners can help minimize allergen exposure.
3. Air Purifiers: Consider using an air purifier with a HEPA filter to reduce airborne allergens.
4. Personal Hygiene: Washing hands frequently after interacting with the dog can help prevent allergic reactions.

Genetic Disorders in Yorkshire Terriers

Yorkshire Terriers are charming and popular small dog breeds, but they are also prone to various genetic disorders that can affect their health and well-being. It’s crucial for Yorkie owners to be aware of these potential conditions and take the necessary precautions to ensure their furry companions live a happy and comfortable life.

Hypoplasia (Spinal Cord Injury)

One of the genetic disorders that Yorkies are susceptible to is hypoplasia, which refers to a spinal cord injury. This condition occurs when there is abnormal development or damage to the spinal cord, leading to weakness or paralysis in the affected area. It’s important for owners to provide a safe environment for their Yorkies and prevent any situations that may cause injury to their delicate spines.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (Hip Joint Disorder)

Another genetic disorder commonly found in Yorkshire Terriers is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. This condition affects the hip joints and is characterized by the degeneration of the femoral head due to poor blood supply. Yorkies with this disorder may experience pain, lameness, and difficulty walking. Early detection and appropriate treatment, such as surgery, can help alleviate the symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Tracheal Collapse

Yorkshire Terriers are also prone to tracheal collapse, a condition where the walls of the trachea become weak and lose their ability to support proper airflow. This can result in coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity or excitement. Managing a Yorkie’s weight, avoiding irritants such as smoke, and using a harness instead of a collar can help alleviate the symptoms and prevent further deterioration of the trachea.

Portosystemic Shunt (Liver Disorder)

Portosystemic shunt, also known as liver disorder, is another genetic condition that affects Yorkshire Terriers. This disorder occurs when blood flow bypasses the liver, leading to the insufficient detoxification of toxins and the buildup of ammonia in the bloodstream. Yorkies with this condition may exhibit symptoms such as stunted growth, behavioral changes, and vomiting. Diagnosis and the appropriate management plan should be provided by a veterinarian to ensure the best possible outcome.

Genetic Disorder Description Symptoms
Hypoplasia (Spinal Cord Injury) Abnormal development or damage to the spinal cord Weakness or paralysis in the affected area
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (Hip Joint Disorder) Degeneration of the femoral head due to poor blood supply Pain, lameness, difficulty walking
Tracheal Collapse Weakening of the tracheal walls, leading to airflow obstruction Coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing
Portosystemic Shunt (Liver Disorder) Bypassing of blood flow to the liver Stunted growth, behavioral changes, vomiting

Genetic Disorders in Yorkshire Terriers


Yorkshire Terriers are popular and adorable small dog breeds with a rich history. As an owner, it’s important to be aware of their dental health, coat color variations, potential genetic disorders, and the need for regular vet care. Understanding these facts will help ensure that your Yorkshire Terrier lives a happy and healthy life.


Are Yorkshire Terriers a popular dog breed?

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers are one of the most popular dog breeds in the Americas and highly regarded in the United Kingdom.

Where did Yorkshire Terriers originate?

Yorkshire Terriers originated in Yorkshire, England during the 19th century.

Do Yorkshire Terriers require dental care?

Yes, due to their narrow jaws, Yorkshire Terriers may require professional dental cleaning by a veterinarian to prevent overcrowding.

What coat colors do Yorkshire Terriers have?

Yorkshire Terriers have a specific coat color, usually black, blue, and tan. Some variations called “parti-colors” can be white with black, blue, and tan.

Are Yorkshire Terriers hypoallergenic?

While Yorkshire Terriers are often considered hypoallergenic due to minimal shedding, their saliva or dander can still cause allergic reactions in some individuals.

What genetic disorders are Yorkshire Terriers prone to?

Yorkshire Terriers are prone to various genetic disorders such as distichiae, hypoplasia, luxating patellas, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, tracheal collapse, and portosystemic shunt. Regular vet check-ups are important for early detection and management.

Source Links