Urinary Incontinence in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms and More

Urinary Incontinence in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms and More

Urinary Incontinence in the Dog Micturition depends on the coordinated action between the sympathetic, parasympathetic and somatic nervous systems and central control centers. Urinary incontinence occurs when a housetrained dog loses control of his bladder. This can range in severity from occasional small urine leaks to inadvertent voiding of a large amount of urine.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs

Many causes of urinary incontinence in dogs exist. These include: Medicinal and Medical Drugs Some medications are known to cause urinary incontinence in dogs. Such medications include: Heart Failure Hypothyroidism Malnutrition Medications that Cause Cataracts and Retinal Detachment Some drugs that cause cataracts, such as phenytoin, phenobarbital and methylphenidate, may cause urinary incontinence in dogs. Certain medications that can cause retinal detachment, such as xylazine and methocarbamol, also can cause urinary incontinence. Urinary Blockages Some dogs are born with a condition that can cause urinary incontinence. The condition is known as uropathy and is characterized by incomplete closing of the urinary tract. As the dog ages, the uropathy becomes more severe.

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence in Dogs

Slight leakage (bloody stool, diarrhea, pee on floor, saliva in urine) Urinary frequency No-show, leakage or other changes Heavy frequency Poor ability to void (constipation, urinary stones) Mild reduction in urination frequency or absence of urinary signs Development of existing symptoms Fecal incontinence Lax gums A Hard to control urge A painful erection Disposition towards elimination Anxiety The external source of the problem may be a urinary tract infection or problems with the neurological circuitry. Cushing’s disease may cause difficulty passing urine, especially when on high-testosterone steroids, and may also affect the autonomic nervous system leading to an irregular voiding schedule. Is it Gout? There’s evidence that gout can occur in dogs.

Types of Dogs More Likely To Have Urinary Incontinence

Dogs who have a history of urinary incontinence, such as a weak bladder, or those whose owners are particularly careless or unfamiliar with housetraining may develop bladder incontinence. A dog who is constantly in a cramped space, has a weak bladder or is very nervous or anxious may also develop urinary incontinence. A dog’s behavior when it has to urinate is an important indicator of the breed of dog and the nature of his urinary incontinence. Types of Dogs Less Likely to Have Urinary Incontinence Although rare, urination problems in dogs can arise as a result of cancer or degenerative joint disease. Cairn terriers, Akitas, Golden Retrievers, Labrador retrievers and Belgian Malinois are less likely to develop urinary incontinence than other dogs.

How To Help Urinary Incontinence in Dogs

Urinary Incontinence is not usually noticed until the dog is about 1 year old, or even older. The normal range of urine leakage depends on the dog’s size and activity level. Many dogs that are housebroken easily do not have any issues at all with urination. This is the easiest and most common problem to treat, but there are some other things you can do to help the symptoms, which can range from annoying to very serious. First, always make sure your dog is not in any situations that would cause him to have an accident. Dogs can get urinary incontinence from so many different things; from easily triggering accidents in a room that has a carpet to laying down too quickly. Or, it can even be the dog’s way of “getting attention.

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