Yorkie Dogs History, Description, Personality, Health, Grooming, Exercise and Training
Yorkie dogs are one of the smallest dog breeds of terrier type, tend to be very active, protective, and fond of attention. The Yorkie made its debut at a bench show in England in 1861 as a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier. The first ever therapy dog was a Yorkie named Smoky who comforted wounded soldiers after WWII. Yorkie dogs need lots of grooming, training and exercise. In this article you will find info on those topics plus the Yorkie dogs history, description, personality, health issues and temperament.
History of the Yorkie Dogs
Early Yorkies, 1861 In 1861, a breed of small terrier appeared at a bench show in England called a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier” (or Breton terrier). This breed was more than a little different from today’s Yorkie. This terrier had brindle markings in its coat, and it was larger, more muscular and somewhat shorter in height than today’s Yorkie. It is most likely that the terrier with brindle markings was some kind of a crossbreed between the classic Bichon Frise and the Scottish Terrier, both of which share a brindle spotting pattern. In the United States, the English dog with brindle markings was named the American Bichon Frise, and in the early 1900’s there was a registry for these dogs.
Description of the Yorkie Dogs
Young Yorkies are not especially large but the finished ones have such hair that their height is usually about a foot. There are also very large puppies, which are about seven or eight inches at their largest. There are between 10,000 and 12,000 Yorkie puppies born each year in the United States. Yorkie dog Names The Yorkie’s name is usually a word or two of the owner’s choosing. Usually, owners call their dogs by their puppy or childhood name. Many owners also nickname their dogs. The owner’s first name, or nickname, usually begins with a “Y”. There is also a tendency for owners to use “Milly” as the Yorkie’s first name, so we can get a long “Milly”, “Milly-Lou”, or “Milly” for a first name. When the dog is old enough, the name should usually be simplified to either “Milly” or “Lou”.
Personality of the Yorkie Dogs
Like other small dogs, Yorkies have a sense of humor, mischievous and with a playful personality. According to the American Kennel Club, a person should not describe a Yorkie as a rat, perky or unsociable. If you call it an aggressive dog, it will probably display aggressive behavior. If you call it cheeky and amusing, it will probably make you laugh. The Yorkie’s behavior depends on its age. Young Yorkie dogs like to play with other dogs of its age. Young adult Yorkie dogs, often have nervous habits which can be normal, and irritable or aggressive behavior, may also be normal. Adult Yorkie dogs may be very different from the young ones. It is not uncommon for adult Yorkie dogs to get neurotic, even nervous. Yorkie dogs should be neutered or spayed before they mature.
Temperament of the Yorkie Dogs
The Yorkie is a domestic dog and is capable of living in the wilds of Scotland and England. They have lots of energy and should not be left alone for long periods of time. They have a very lively and energetic temperament and tend to love to run around and play with other dogs and people. Healthy Yorkie Dogs The Yorkie’s health is very important. They should never be fed human food or meat products that are high in fat. They should not be fed bones either because it can cause dental problems or it may cause them to over eat. Health Problems They are susceptible to several types of canine cancer. Although it is very rare, Yorkie dogs do get cancer. This is usually caused by excessive food, growth hormone, hormonal imbalance and internal parasites.
Health Issues of the Yorkie Dogs
• Yorkie dogs, like the rest of the toy breeds, are at high risk for a condition called hiatal hernia. This condition occurs when the stomach becomes inflamed and presses on the diaphragm (which separates your chest from your abdomen), causing discomfort and vomiting. It’s very common in dogs. • Yorkie dogs are susceptible to several diseases, including distemper, parvovirus, doggy influenza, kennel cough, parainfluenza, and distemper. Some of these illnesses can be treated, others require supportive care. • There is a vaccination requirement for Yorkie dogs to purchase any dog-related products at pet stores. • The bone plates in a Yorkie’s hip socket are curved so that the dog can move and not slip out. • Most Yorkie dogs are between 3 and 7 years old.
Grooming Needs of the Yorkie Dogs
Many of us love to take extra care of our hair or a dog’s fur and, like a top coat of paint, the hair on the Yorkie dog is one of the highest maintenance in its coat. A groomed Yorkie dog is more attractive, you have more time to spend with your pet and it’s a lot easier for you to walk the dog without having to worry about its appearance. The Yorkie is a smooth coated dog with little body hair. The average adult Yorkie will shed between 1 and 2 pounds of hair a month. In terms of appearance, because it has the same coat color as most other terriers, the Yorkie has a dappled or spotted coat. Most Yorkies look like they have a fox tail at some point or another. Yorkie hair may have an occasional white or grayish tint due to its absence of body hair.
Training Needs of the Yorkie Dogs
The Yorkie dog needs a lot of energy. If this breed gets too little exercise, they can get so full of themselves that they may become aggressive. If they get too much exercise, they can become hyperactive and may become destructive if not appropriately trained. They are intelligent and they need an owner with good training to make sure they can live a happy and fulfilling life. They need to be trained from an early age to obey and respect commands. Yorkies are very loyal and they do have a tendency to form fast friendships with other dogs of the same breed. They can also become fiercely protective of their family and friends, so they need to be socialized early and also to learn how to live in a family environment.
Exercise Needs of the Yorkie Dogs
Obedience Training Yorkie dogs are extremely intelligent, much more intelligent than most people realize. They need plenty of exercise and they like the same types of exercises that humans do. For example, there are numerous games that Yorkie dogs will like to play, including fetching and tug-of-war.