Yorkie History, Personality, Grooming, Training and Much More

The Yorkie is one of the smallest dog breeds of terrier type, tend to be very active, protective, and fond of attention. The Yorkie made its debut at a bench show in England in 1861 as a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Most consider a Yorkie named Huddersfield Ben the father of the breed, the stud dog was a ratting champion and a confident competitor in dog shows. The first ever therapy dog was a Yorkie named Smoky who comforted wounded soldiers after WWII. Yorkies tend to become lighter with age. Hormonal changes can also affect color. Females in heat go lighter, and then darken again after their season is over.

History of the Yorkie

Yorkies first originated from the English town of Huddersfield, who were originally brought there by farmers in the 19th century as dogs for keeping chickens in cramped coops. Huddersfield is noted as the site of the first plate dog show. The Yorkie was most likely bred as a dog for home and farm life in England. The Yorkie’s towered stocky looks and short hair helped make him popular with farmers. He was bred as a result of the same terrier qualities as the Chihuahua, though the females are much smaller than the males. The Yorkie made its debut at a bench show in England in 1861 as a “broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Most consider a Yorkie named Huddersfield Ben the father of the breed, the stud dog was a ratting champion and a confident competitor in dog shows.

Description of the Yorkie

Appearance of a Yorkie Smokey, the first therapy dog, grooming and training The expression “being in a huff” comes from the name given to a young female Yorkie. She would raise her ears and look down her nose as if in defiance. Yorkie history The name “Yorkie” is said to come from a contraction of the town name of York, England, with an X added to it to make the “A” sound. Some believe that the name referred to the backdrops of York Minster, where the ear-raise appears to have originated, but we are unsure how this relates to the A in Yorkie. The first Yorkie was bred in Yorkshire in 1860 and showed up at a dog show in 1862 in England, or was called the Bentley Yorkshire Terrier, because the owner lived in Bentley, a village close to the English town of York.

Personality of the Yorkie

The Yorkie can be shy and retiring and possess what is called the “duck tail” of the small dog breeds; that is, the tail has to be very taut and erect for the dog to have a distinct profile. The Yorkie has a nice medium height, a medium-sized head and eyes, an appealing bob tail and a short, muscular body. Most of the Yorkie’s hair is a soft, short, brownish-gray that is often slightly darker in color around the muzzle and at the base of the tail. The Yorkie should be of a type that is generally kept as a pet or companion rather than for breeding. A yorkie is a high-energy dog who tends to be very protective of its owner and may be mildly aggressive if the owner tries to leave him unattended.

Temperament of the Yorkie

The Yorkie is very friendly with people of all ages and likes to get close to its people. This can sometimes lead to a Yorkie getting aggressive and nipping at people or other dogs. The breed is good with children. Although fairly energetic, a Yorkie is not likely to be a nuisance on a leash. Some Yorkies are prone to get carsick; if they are, be sure to take them for a car ride in the evening after dinner. Yorkies can suffer from separation anxiety when not in the owner’s care. Even though it seems to be uncommon, many Yorkies have been known to try to dig their way out of their crates when left in their own houses for even short periods of time. If your Yorkie does this, a simple remedy is to put a large blanket or bag between the box and the floor, and then close the crate door.

Health Issues of the Yorkie

Eyes: Yorkies are not prone to getting cataracts, but eyes will turn slightly red after high stress, excess or low humidity. Ears: Yorkies may have problems with their ears. They may have an ear infection or be deaf, since they do not have the large, movable ear flaps that most other dog breeds have. They are prone to ear infections, which can be a quick and easy treatment. Knees: Yorkies tend to develop knee problems when they are older. Their joint bones may be affected or hardened. Knee surgery is rarely required for Yorkies. Legs: Yorkies, because of their stocky bodies, do not have the same amount of muscle mass as most other breeds. This means their joints can become stiff, so they often need exercise to keep their muscles active and limber.

Grooming Needs of the Yorkie

Yorkies have what is referred to as a “washed-out” coat. They require regular grooming to maintain a bright, shiny, and healthy look. Of course, all dogs need a bath at least once a week, so that’s not the issue. The area of grooming that is particularly critical for a Yorkie is brushing to remove dead and loose hair, which is usually best done on a regular basis. The texture of the dog’s hair and coat is also significant to keep healthy. Hair can be brushed into shape using the “comb back” method or the “feline top knot” method. If the hair is exceptionally long or curly, a hair-braiding brush or even a “lion’s mane” brush is a very handy tool for maintaining the healthy look of a curly or kinky coat.

Training Needs of the Yorkie

Yorkies are a very active breed with a lively life style. They need daily exercise to keep up their good health and to make them well mannered. They are the watchdogs of the household and must learn not to bark, but listen to commands. Treats and play with chew toys are recommended daily for Yorkies. Good manners with family members and other pets are a must. They like to carry their toys and often like to give a “look over their shoulder.” Cleanliness and obedience are also needed. Personal appearance of the Yorkie Yorkies are easily corrected with hard training. They require a lot of affection and love, but not too much. Yorkies need more than physical exercise to become well-mannered, they must be taught manners.

Exercise Needs of the Yorkie

Yorkies enjoy lots of daily activity, daily walks, play with your dog, and physical activity is vital for a healthy Yorkie. One of the benefits of frequent exercise is it stimulates your dog’s brain and helps to relieve stress. Some Yorkies need regular veterinary visits for orthopedic injuries or other conditions, so please take them to the vet or at the very least have them checked out by your veterinarian. Health Concerns of the Yorkie Health Concerns for Yorkies: Yorkie Milk: Yorkies do not have normal mammary glands and should never drink Yorkie milk. Yorkie Too Big for a Small Bed : Yorkies are extremely active dogs and require a large living space. They will jump on and off of everything. They also love to sleep on the couch or a bed.